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Gynecology Q & A


What is gynecology?

Gynecology is a branch of medicine that’s concerned with the female reproductive system, including the:

  • Uterus (womb)
  • Cervix
  • Fallopian tubes
  • Vagina
  • Ovaries

Gynecologists often treat patients with urinary tract or bowel problems as well, because these systems are closely related to the reproductive system.

What’s the difference between a gynecologist and an obstetrician?

Gynecologists and obstetricians both focus on the female reproductive system, but obstetrics is concerned with pregnancy and childbirth. As the two specialties are so closely related, most doctors specializing in this field are both obstetricians and gynecologists. This is why they use the term OB/GYN.

Some doctors specialize exclusively in one aspect of female reproductive health, for example:

  • Reproductive endocrinology and female infertility
  • Gynecological oncology, treating cancers of the female reproductive organs
  • Female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery, for women with urinary incontinence or prolapsed organs.

The OB/GYNs at Galasso, Hirsch & Russell M.D.s, PC, have expertise in all aspects of women’s health care.

Why would I need to see a gynecologist?

You should see your gynecologist every year for a pelvic exam and a Pap smear. These are important preventive health measures that help identify serious diseases such as cancer at an early stage. You should also visit Galasso, Hirsch & Russell M.D.s, PC, if you have pain, swelling, signs of infection, or notice any changes in your reproductive organs and genitals.
Gynecologists diagnose and treat a range of conditions relating to the reproductive system, including:

  • Cancer
  • Prolapsed organs
  • Yeast and bacterial infections
  • Menstrual problems
  • Painful intercourse
  • Menopause

Gynecologists also provide expert services for women who need help with contraception or who are struggling to conceive.

Do gynecologists perform operations too?

Gynecologists provide a range of surgical interventions, including tubal ligations as a permanent solution to birth control and cone biopsies to test precancerous cells found in the cervix. They also perform surgeries to remove organs if they’re causing serious health issues that can’t be treated medically, such as:

  • The uterus (hysterectomy)
  • The ovaries (oophorectomy)
  • The fallopian tubes (salpingectomy)

At Galasso, Hirsch & Russell M.D.s, PC, the all-women medical team can help with all your gynecological symptoms and concerns. Call the clinic today, or book an appointment online.

Galasso, Hirsch & Russell, MD's, PC
755 Park Avenue
Upper East Side

New York, NY 10021
Phone: 212-570-2222
Fax: (212) 288-0280
Office Hours

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